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贸易战开打后几小时 美国政府突然颁布了这么一个通知

千客万来

五分直至本世纪末最后一次回国机会
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2018-07-07
#1
贸易战开打后几小时 美国政府突然颁布了这么一个通知
来源:环球时报公众号 作者:耿直哥 时间:2018-07-08
8 0 贸易战 字号:A-A+
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昨天中午,美国正式对咱们中国发动了贸易战,而咱们中国也随即做出了回击。
不过,就在今日,北京时间凌晨三点,美国官方却向美国企业发布了一个奇怪的通知……
根据路透社等多家西方媒体报道:就在美国对中国发动贸易战几个小时后,美国贸易代表处却在今日北京时间凌晨三点宣布说,那些会被贸易战影响的从中国进口产品的美国企业,可以有90天的时间向美国政府申请有效期为1年的“关税豁免”。


▲图为美国媒体的报道
美国贸易代表处在其一份官方声明中则表示,在提出申请后14天内相关企业可以继续提出申请豁免的理由。如果有反对者的话可以在额外的7天里再提出他们的反对观点。
之后,美国贸易代表处便会从“该产品是否在中国之外有可替代的货源”、“是否关税会严重损害提出申请的美国企业或是美国的利益”、以及“该产品是否对中国的相关工业计划有重要的战略意义——比如‘中国制造2025’”这三个方面来决定是否给出“豁免”。
另外,美国贸易代表处还表示,因为这种“关税豁免”是以产品为准的,所以一旦某个产品被豁免,所有进口该产品的美国企业就都不会被征收额外关税,不论这些企业是否本身提出过申请。

▲图为美国贸易代表处官网上的该通知
可为啥这贸易战才刚开打,美国贸易代表处就又开始给进口中国产品的美国企业各种开“后门”,允许他们申请“关税豁免”呢?
这或许与美国《华盛顿邮报》提到的另一件事有关,即美国这次对中国发动贸易战所波及的中国产品中,有不少其实并不是中国自己的企业生产的,而是美国或其他西方国家在华的分部的产品。
用《华盛顿邮报》自己的话说就是:“因为特朗普那些贸易官员的失策,这些制裁性关税并不会打击到多少中国企业,反而把美国等其他非中国的跨国公司的在华分部当作了打击对象”。

▲图为《华盛顿邮报》的原文部分
《华盛顿邮报》还介绍说,得出这一结论的是美国知名智库“彼得森国际经济研究所”。耿直哥也查阅了该研究所的相关报告,发现其研究人员通过详细的分析发现,特朗普政府对中国发动的贸易战会主要伤及的确实不是中国自己的企业,而是美国以及美国盟友们所独资持有的中国分公司。


▲图为“彼得森国际经济研究所”的分析和报告
由此看来,今天凌晨美国官方紧急颁布的这一“关税豁免”的通知,便可能是用来补救这一“搬起石头砸自己的脚”的尴尬局面的。
而这不仅显示出特朗普这场贸易战打得极为仓促、盲目和缺乏考虑,更证明了在全球化的今天,贸易战中不会有谁是赢家,最终的结局只会是双输乃至多输。

但咱中国人也别因为看到这个消息就对贸易战过于乐观。毕竟从过往来看,特朗普在对华贸易战上也是不会轻易让步的,而美国在对付中国方面也非常有韧劲,所以我们还是得做好持久战的准备,要打疼他们才会有真正的让步。

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楼主
楼主
千客万来

千客万来

五分直至本世纪末最后一次回国机会
2010-03-08
3,823
4,062
2018-07-07
#3
《华盛顿邮报》还介绍说,得出这一结论的是美国知名智库“彼得森国际经济研究所”。耿直哥也查阅了该研究所的相关报告,发现其研究人员通过详细的分析发现,特朗普政府对中国发动的贸易战会主要伤及的确实不是中国自己的企业,而是美国以及美国盟友们所独资持有的中国分公司。
 
楼主
楼主
千客万来

千客万来

五分直至本世纪末最后一次回国机会
2010-03-08
3,823
4,062
2018-07-07
#5
昨天中午,美国正式对咱们中国发动了贸易战,而咱们中国也随即做出了回击。
不过,就在今日,北京时间凌晨三点,美国官方却向美国企业发布了一个奇怪的通知……
根据路透社等多家西方媒体报道:就在美国对中国发动贸易战几个小时后,美国贸易代表处却在今日北京时间凌晨三点宣布说,那些会被贸易战影响的从中国进口产品的美国企业,可以有90天的时间向美国政府申请有效期为1年的“关税豁免”。
 
楼主
楼主
千客万来

千客万来

五分直至本世纪末最后一次回国机会
2010-03-08
3,823
4,062
2018-07-07
#6
用《华盛顿邮报》自己的话说就是:“因为特朗普那些贸易官员的失策,这些制裁性关税并不会打击到多少中国企业,反而把美国等其他非中国的跨国公司的在华分部当作了打击对象”。
 

未尝不可

知名园友
2015-11-01
15,522
19,561
2018-07-08
#8
搞啥优惠啊,不搞优惠企业就慢慢都全回来了,这正是川普想要的啊
 

未尝不可

知名园友
2015-11-01
15,522
19,561
2018-07-08
#10
昏倒,
你真以为这些企业大部分会回美国?
而不是继续留在中国?或者去东南亚?
美国失业率历史最低,现在缺干活的人啊,
所以川普给予美国企业优惠是正确的,只要跟2025无关,
 
楼主
楼主
千客万来

千客万来

五分直至本世纪末最后一次回国机会
2010-03-08
3,823
4,062
2018-07-08
#11
美国失业率历史最低,现在缺干活的人啊,
所以川普给予美国企业优惠是正确的,只要跟2025无关,
这个失业率,从数据看已经达到完全就业,
川普还弄个制造业回流,难道启用美国童工?
 

未尝不可

知名园友
2015-11-01
15,522
19,561
2018-07-08
#12
这个失业率,从数据看已经达到完全就业,
川普还弄个制造业回流,难道启用美国童工?
高端回美国,低端去东南亚
 
楼主
楼主
千客万来

千客万来

五分直至本世纪末最后一次回国机会
2010-03-08
3,823
4,062
2018-07-08
#13
高端回美国,低端去东南亚
这种再分配完全没有意义,市场机制早就做了最优选择。亚当斯密如果能从坟墓跳起来,肯定扇川普耳光,
至于美资在中国的高端制造业,好像乏善可陈。
中国的高端制造业,基本都在中国人自己手中(包括台湾同胞)
 

proman

活跃园友
2006-01-23
5,223
1,382
2018-07-08
#14
川普:这样都能被你们猜到,以后我还怎么混啊。
 
楼主
楼主
千客万来

千客万来

五分直至本世纪末最后一次回国机会
2010-03-08
3,823
4,062
2018-07-08
#15
最建议中国投降的未尝不可网友,
现在看到美国先自抽,
百感交集
夜不能寐,欣然提笔:爱民爱企业的川普红太阳。
 

wxirene

活跃园友
2004-11-26
3,323
3,200
2018-07-08
#17
如果共匪来个规定:要么全部豁免,要么全部征收,你想部分豁免门都没有,你给谁关税豁免”,老子就对谁征同等税率的出口关税,那美国人不是又白忙了吗?
 

哈法

哈法海港
2008-03-25
17,257
34,756
2018-07-08
#18
最建议中国投降的未尝不可网友,
现在看到美国先自抽,
百感交集
夜不能寐,欣然提笔:爱民爱企业的川普红太阳。
这是英文原文:
Washington, DC – The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) today announced a process to obtain product exclusions from the additional tariffs in effect on certain products imported from China under the U.S. response to China’s unfair trade practices related to the forced transfer of U.S. technology and intellectual property.

Today, additional tariffs of 25 percent come into effect for Chinese products imported under 818 tariff lines, covering a trade value of approximately $34 billion in 2018. These tariff lines contain products identified as benefiting from China’s industrial policies, including the “Made in China 2025” program. The list of products subject to tariffs was determined by a 90-day process that included public hearings and a notice and comment period.

USTR is providing an opportunity for the public to request exclusion of a particular product from the additional duties to address situations that warrant excluding a particular product within a subheading, but not the tariff subheading as a whole.

A Federal Register notice outlining the criteria and process for a product exclusion request will be published, and public requests, responses, and replies will be received via Regulations.gov. In making its determination on each request, USTR may consider whether a product is available from a source outside of China, whether the additional duties would cause severe economic harm to the requestor or other U.S. interests, and whether the particular product is strategically important or related to Chinese industrial programs including “Made in China 2025”.

The exclusion process has the following important dates and features:

The public will have 90 days to file a request for a product exclusion; the request period will end on October 9, 2018.
Following public posting of the filed request on Regulations.gov, the public will have 14 days to file responses to the request for product exclusion. After the close of the 14 day response period, interested persons will have an additional 7 days to reply to any responses received in support of or opposition to the request.
Exclusions will be effective for one year upon the publication of the exclusion determination in the Federal Register, and will apply retroactively to July 6, 2018.
Because exclusions will be made on a product basis, a particular exclusion will apply to all imports of the product, regardless of whether the importer filed a request. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection will apply the tariff exclusions based on the product.

The tariff action on China is part of USTR’s Section 301 investigation and follows President Trump’s announcement in March that the United States would impose tariffs on Chinese imports and take other actions in response to China’s policies that coerce American companies into transferring their technology and intellectual property to Chinese enterprises. These policies bolster China’s stated intention of seizing economic leadership in advanced technology as set forth in its industrial plans, such as “Made in China 2025.”

The text of the Federal Register notice can be viewed here. Formal publication of the Federal Register notice will occur next week.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-of...ses/2018/july/ustr-releases-product-exclusion
 

哈法

哈法海港
2008-03-25
17,257
34,756
2018-07-08
#19
这是英文原文:
Washington, DC – The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) today announced a process to obtain product exclusions from the additional tariffs in effect on certain products imported from China under the U.S. response to China’s unfair trade practices related to the forced transfer of U.S. technology and intellectual property.

Today, additional tariffs of 25 percent come into effect for Chinese products imported under 818 tariff lines, covering a trade value of approximately $34 billion in 2018. These tariff lines contain products identified as benefiting from China’s industrial policies, including the “Made in China 2025” program. The list of products subject to tariffs was determined by a 90-day process that included public hearings and a notice and comment period.

USTR is providing an opportunity for the public to request exclusion of a particular product from the additional duties to address situations that warrant excluding a particular product within a subheading, but not the tariff subheading as a whole.

A Federal Register notice outlining the criteria and process for a product exclusion request will be published, and public requests, responses, and replies will be received via Regulations.gov. In making its determination on each request, USTR may consider whether a product is available from a source outside of China, whether the additional duties would cause severe economic harm to the requestor or other U.S. interests, and whether the particular product is strategically important or related to Chinese industrial programs including “Made in China 2025”.

The exclusion process has the following important dates and features:

The public will have 90 days to file a request for a product exclusion; the request period will end on October 9, 2018.
Following public posting of the filed request on Regulations.gov, the public will have 14 days to file responses to the request for product exclusion. After the close of the 14 day response period, interested persons will have an additional 7 days to reply to any responses received in support of or opposition to the request.
Exclusions will be effective for one year upon the publication of the exclusion determination in the Federal Register, and will apply retroactively to July 6, 2018.
Because exclusions will be made on a product basis, a particular exclusion will apply to all imports of the product, regardless of whether the importer filed a request. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection will apply the tariff exclusions based on the product.

The tariff action on China is part of USTR’s Section 301 investigation and follows President Trump’s announcement in March that the United States would impose tariffs on Chinese imports and take other actions in response to China’s policies that coerce American companies into transferring their technology and intellectual property to Chinese enterprises. These policies bolster China’s stated intention of seizing economic leadership in advanced technology as set forth in its industrial plans, such as “Made in China 2025.”

The text of the Federal Register notice can be viewed here. Formal publication of the Federal Register notice will occur next week.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-of...ses/2018/july/ustr-releases-product-exclusion
美加政府或西方民主政府的一贯作法:公布重大决策之后,都有90天的公众hearing 和根据条例申请轄免。之后政府再根据公众的意见进一步修改完善。
 

Kerrigan

独孤求败 笑傲江湖
2012-01-04
1,729
2,655
2018-07-08
#20
美加政府或西方民主政府的一贯作法:公布重大决策之后,都有90天的公众hearing 和根据条例申请轄免。之后政府再根据公众的意见进一步修改完善。
小粉红要自high,谁也挡不住的。笑笑就好了。