2021-01-12 美最高法院拒绝快速审理5个州大选结果

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The U.S. Supreme Court on Friday scheduled several high-profile contest-of-election lawsuits, including ones brought by attorneys Sidney Powell and Lin Wood, and the Trump campaign, for consideration at its Feb. 19 conference.

According to a case listing, the lawsuits include Sidney Powell’s Michigan case (20-815), the Trump campaign’s Pennsylvania lawsuit (20-845) and Wisconsin lawsuit (20-882), the Pennsylvania lawsuit brought by Rep. Mike Kelly (R-Pa.) (20-810), and Lin Wood’s Georgia case (20-799).

All cases allege some form of unlawful election-related conduct affecting the result of the election, including expansion of mail-in balloting by elections officials changing rules in contravention of state election laws, lack of adequate security measures around mail ballots, issues with machine vote tabulation, and denial of meaningful access to poll watchers.

The Supreme Court declined to grant relief or fast-track the cases as requested in respective petitions filed ahead of the Jan. 20 inauguration of President Joe Biden.

Powell’s Michigan petition (pdf) sought “emergency declaratory relief avowing that the presidential election results certified by Michigan officials were unconstitutional and otherwise contrary to law, together with injunctive relief de-certifying those results.”

Wood’s Georgia petition (pdf) asked the Supreme Court to “enter an emergency order instructing Respondents to de-certify the results of the General Election for the Office of the President.”

The Kelly petition (pdf) asked the court for an injunction “that prohibits the Executive-Respondents from taking official action to tabulate, compute, canvass, certify, or otherwise finalize the results of the Election.”

The Trump campaign suits similarly called for emergency injunctive relief in the form of expedited hearings and blocking certification of the electoral college votes for Biden.

Some of the lawyers in the cases said that seeing the challenges through is important as they could have an impact on long-term election fairness.

“Our legal issue remains important in need of the court’s review,” attorney John Eastman told the Washington Examiner, referring to Pennsylvania’s conduct during the 2020 election.

Greg Teufel, Kelly’s lawyer, told the Washington Examiner that the congressman has no intention of dropping the suit.

The Supreme Court has kept its distance from Trump’s election challenges. In December, it rejected a lawsuit filed by the Republican attorney general of Texas and backed by Trump seeking to decertify the election results in four states.

If, at the Feb. 19 conference, the Supreme Court decides to take up any of the election lawsuits, they most likely won’t be heard until October.

In a sweeping report on the integrity of the 2020 election, Trump adviser Peter Navarro concluded that the allegations of irregularities surrounding the vote in key battleground states were serious enough to warrant an urgent probe and substantial enough to potentially overturn the results.

“If these election irregularities are not fully investigated prior to Inauguration Day and thereby effectively allowed to stand, this nation runs the very real risk of never being able to have a fair presidential election again,” Navarro warned in his report.

美国最高法院周五安排在2月19日的会议上审议几起备受瞩目的选战诉讼,包括律师西德尼-鲍威尔和林-伍德以及特朗普竞选团队提起的诉讼。

根据一份案件清单,这些诉讼包括西德尼-鲍威尔的密歇根州案件(20-815)、特朗普竞选团队的宾夕法尼亚州诉讼(20-845)和威斯康星州诉讼(20-882)、众议员迈克-凯利(Mike Kelly)提起的宾夕法尼亚州诉讼(20-810)以及林伍德的佐治亚州案件(20-799)。

所有案件都指控某种形式的与选举有关的非法行为影响了选举结果,包括选举官员在违反州选举法的情况下改变规则,扩大邮寄投票的范围,围绕邮寄选票缺乏足够的安全措施,机器投票表的问题,以及拒绝有意义地接触投票观察者。

最高法院拒绝按照1月20日乔-拜登总统就职典礼前各自提交的请愿书中的要求给予救济或快速处理这些案件。

鲍威尔的密歇根州请愿书(pdf)寻求 "紧急声明性救济,宣称密歇根州官员认证的总统选举结果违宪,并在其他方面违反法律,同时寻求禁止性救济,取消对这些结果的认证。"

伍德的佐治亚州请愿书(pdf)要求最高法院 "下达紧急命令,指示被告取消对总统办公室大选结果的认证"。

凯利的请愿书(pdf)要求法院下达禁令,"禁止行政-被告人采取官方行动,对选举结果进行制表、计算、拉票、认证或以其他方式最终确定"。

特朗普竞选的诉讼同样要求以加快听证会和阻止认证拜登的选举团票数为形式的紧急禁令救济。

一些参与案件的律师表示,看到这些挑战很重要,因为它们可能会对长期的选举公平性产生影响。

"我们的法律问题仍然很重要,需要法院的审查。"律师约翰-伊斯特曼告诉《华盛顿观察家报》,他指的是宾夕法尼亚州在2020年选举期间的行为。

凯利的律师格雷格-特费尔(Greg Teufel)告诉《华盛顿观察家》,这位议员无意放弃诉讼。

最高法院一直与特朗普的选举挑战保持距离。12月,它驳回了由德克萨斯州共和党总检察长提起的、得到特朗普支持的诉讼,要求取消对四个州选举结果的认证。

如果在2月19日的会议上,最高法院决定受理任何一起选举诉讼,那么很可能要到10月才会审理。

特朗普顾问彼得-纳瓦罗在一份关于2020年大选完整性的全面报告中得出结论,围绕关键战场州投票的违规行为的指控非常严重,足以证明需要进行紧急调查,而且实质上有可能推翻选举结果。

"如果不在就职日之前对这些选举违规行为进行全面调查,从而有效地允许其成立,这个国家就会面临再也无法举行公平的总统选举的现实风险。"纳瓦罗在报告中警告说。

通过www.DeepL.com/Translator(免费版)翻译
 

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